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Restraint and Seclusion (APRAIS)

The Alliance to Prevent Restraint, Aversive Interventions and Seclusion (APRAIS) was established in 2004 by leading education, research and advocacy organizations to protect children with significant disabilities who exhibit challenging behaviors from abuse in schools, treatment programs and residential facilities. Led by TASH, APRAIS is comprised of members from leading disability advocacy organizations. 


The Role of APRAIS

In an effort to eliminate the use of aversive interventions, restraints and seclusion (ARS), APRAIS members have united to protect children with disabilities and encourage positive outcomes through the following initiatives:

Raise awareness of the dangers of ARS among parents, education, health care providers, policymakers and the public through education, research and advocacy.

Educate families of children with disabilities about Positive Behavior Support and help them to understand their rights and the steps they can take to protect their children from abusive practices.

Eliminate loopholes in current legislation and regulations that permit the use of ARS in schools and treatment facilities and propose alternative language that promotes Positive Behavior Support.

Encourage nationwide adoption of laws and regulations to strengthen school-based monitoring, reporting and investigation into illegal and dangerous ARS practices and provide support for enforcement through the federally-mandated Protection & Advocacy Systems.



All children with disabilities should grow up free from the use of aversive interventions, restraints and seclusion to respond to or control their behavior and free from the fear that these forms of behavior management will be used on themselves, their siblings or their friends.



To seek the elimination of the use of aversive interventions, restraint and seclusion to respond to or control the behavior of children and youth.

To prohibit the incorporation of these practices into the education, habilitation, or other service delivery plans provided to children and youth with disabilities.

To promote nationwide consistency in the protections, monitoring, and reporting that will keep children and youth safe from restraint, seclusion, and aversive interventions, ensuring that children enjoy equal rights and protections across all settings in which they receive education, health services, mental health services, correctional services, residential or foster care, and all other services.

To educate our constituencies, providers, policy makers, and the public at large to understand that restraint is not treatment but represents failure to provide appropriate services and supports, that there is no evidence to justify the use of seclusion and aversive interventions under any circumstances, and that tolerance of restraint, seclusion, and aversive interventions:

Causes serious physical and psychological harm,

Results in the dehumanization of all involved,

Prevents the development of respectful and supportive relationships between children and adults, and

Leads to the segregation and exclusion of children from their communities.

To carry out this mission on behalf of all children and youth, with or without disabilities, regardless of diagnostic label or degree of disability, so that no child is left behind.